Home PageArticolo rivistaLa compassione dell’operatore di cure palliative: uno studio qualitativo in ottica adleriana

Autore: Cito A. L., Pidinchedda A., Tosi C., Bovero A.
Pubblicato nel numero: Anno L Luglio - Dicembre 2022 - Numero 92
Parole chiave: Fine vita, Cure palliative, Operatori psico-sociali e socio-assistenziali, Compassione, Compassion Therapy, Sentimento sociale

La compassione dell’operatore di cure palliative: uno studio qualitativo in ottica adleriana

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IN AN ADLERIAN PERSPECTIVE. Compassion is fundamental in clinical care. The concept of compassion
is strictly related to the Adlerian social feeling. Healthcare workers (HCPs) are the main givers of
compassionate care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perspectives of Italian palliative care
health workers on compassion using focus groups using the Adlerian perspective. A sample of 52 palliative
care workers took part in the study. Five focus groups were held. All recorded discussions were transcribed,
and a content analysis was performed. Most of the sample considers compassion as “being with someone”,
a dimension related to the relationship with the patient. Compassion is influenced by several factors related
to patients, caregivers, the work environment and healthcare professionals themselves. Although it is often
conceived as an innate quality, participants said it could be taught by group training and discussion. So,
compassion is conceived as a central element of the care relationships based on the social feeling and the
HCPs’ ability of alliance with patients’ life deficit. It is perceived as an essential element of palliative care
that needs to be cultivated and improved through training and group discussions.

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