Adler, una rivoluzione incompiuta, orientata in Italia in senso psicodinamico da Francesco Parenti1 (alcuni riferimenti ai disturbi ossessivo-compulsivi). Contributo alla storia della Individualpsicologia e della psicoterapia italiana
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Summary – ADLER, AN UNFINISHED REVOLUTION, ORIENTED IN ITALY IN A PSYCHODYNAMIC SENSE BY FRANCESCO PARENTI (SOME REFERENCES TO OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDERS). CONTRIBUTION TO THE HISTORY OF INDIVIDUALPSYCHOLOGY AND ITALIAN
PSYCHOTHERAPY. Adler separated from Freud in 1911 because of revolutionary ideas that gradually, as Ellenberger says, have been acquired by most of the psychotherapeutic models. The Adlerian revolution, however, was born with two underlying problems that influenced and strengthened each other, enough to leave it unfinished. The first is related to its too wide applicative horizon: its ideal goal was to lead human development towards a new society and a new anthropological model. In other terms, this universal Messianic inspiration – which constitutes every real revolution’s essence – was also the limitation that prevented Adler from adequately developing his model, even in its two fundamental psychological components, the psychodynamic one and the psychoeducational one. The second problem is linguistic and semantic and concerns Adler’s difficulty in developing ideas in a systematic and formally relevant way; this aspect is well known to scholars, but, in my opinion, it has never been fully explicated in its theoretical and practical implications. In this article Francesco Parenti’s contribution is discussed, both in orienting the individualpsychological model in a psychodynamic sense and in getting the Adlerian text out of the nebulous aura that affects it: a necessary operation that made him pay the price of philological correctness (in the article
constant reference is made to obsessive neurosis).