Paper presented at the XXIV S.I.P.I. National Congress – “The settings in Individual Psychology”, Turin, 2013.
The full article is available for download in Italian only.
Summary. The author analyzes the peculiarity and the originality of the Adlerian setting which develops in a genuine context, solid, reliable, and moreover creative which tends to prevent the patient from a dependency towards the therapist. The most meaningful and relevant difference between the Adlerian and Freudian setting consists exactly in the refusal of the Adlerian therapist to give way to an addiction in the analyzed subject. This dependence is, in fact, charged with aggression and competition no matter if under the disguise of sexual instincts. In this view of peculiar operation, the Adlerian setting is characterized by the matching of two different life-styles, the one of the therapist and the one of the analyzed subject. The atmosphere of the relationship is of true equality which doesn’t mean that the two parts share the same general and specific knowledge. This only means that the therapist himself has to join the match leaving behind his expertise position in order to reach a human, sympathetic, encouraging relationship. The cultural Adlerian trend obliges us to consider the sociocultural changes developed in the years which were so strong to modify the hegemonic Freudian structure that had been so important in Massimo Recalcati’s organization of the psycho-analytical setting that sees in the Telemachus complex the new relational perspective between father and son beyond the aggressive relation put forward by Freud. This totally new approach cannot but affect the handling of the setting. Of course our technique is supported by a world perception consistent and familiar with the perspective described above in detail. Recalcati talks about the witness of the parental figure, Adler supports the protection deriving from a paternal figure. By taking our distances from the Freudian Oedipus we are supporting our outlook, which is based on a kind of relation that leaves behind what’ s merely instinctive and strictly tied to our senses.