The encouragement strategies in the psychotherapy with borderline and narcissistic personality disorders.
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Summary. The topic of the encouragement will be considered in this paper starting from the adlerian perspective of encouragement as a Lifestyle function, emphasizing the correlation between inferiority and creativity. According to Adlerian Psychodynamic Psychotherapies (APPs) the encouragement assumes a peculiar technical and methodological value, because it configures a specific therapeutic strategy. An “encouraging psychotherapy” puts its basis in a bio-psycho-social explicative comprehension of the individual, of his/her history, of his/her life project and also of his/her symptomatology. The therapeutic strategies that tend toward encouragement correlate either to the clinical and general objectives of the proposed psychotherapeutic treatment and to the right and proper choice of technical instruments. The theoretical models’ development, the clinical trials, the treatment efficacy researches and the psychotherapy process studies yield precious prompts for the treatment of Borderline Personality Organizations, and in particular of the Borderline and Narcissistic Disorders. Some clinical histories will be proposed in order to highlight the use of the encouragement strategies and the encouraging use of some specific technical instruments during the psychotherapy with this kind of patients. Furthermore, it will be underlined the importance of the therapist’s ability of empathetically modulating his/her counter-attitude, at the patient’s and therapeutic objectives’ disposal.