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Summary. The child, as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural individual and in particular because of his condition of dependence, lives inside a network of relationships and influences, every knot of which bringing its life style, its life plan and its fictions. This work aims at displaying the role played by fictions and by their inevitable interlacement, within the area of Specific Learning Disorders. Children generally begin the primary school with enthusiasm and desire to learn. So do the children whom a diagnosis of Specific Learning Disorders will be made to: this is because this Disorder, notwithstanding its neuropsychological constitutional basis, becomes symptomatic only when the child measures himself against the learning of reading, writing and arithmetic. The Disorder then causes low school performance as well as a discouraged attitude towards school. Through displaying a prototype situation, we want to exemplify the network of fictions which can support the child when are useful and educational, while on the other hand, if defensive and reinforced, can trap him.